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Author Topic: jpeg to tiff confused!!  (Read 2425 times)

Offline soltek

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jpeg to tiff confused!!
« on: April 11, 2008, 10:57:54 AM »
I am confused here, with the Tiff thing ,jpeg and saving files, when i shoot in jpeg and save the file and re -open, and save, if i do this several hundred times i will get lossless if thats the word i,m looking for,so the photo becomes more noisy or deterioates somewhat.

i have read somewhere i could avoid all this by saving the file as a tiff file , thats the confusing bit  :-\,how can that work?.i mean you cant save a jpeg as a Raw file can you? .
As you can see i,m new to digital photograghy even though always had an interest from the film days.
Any ideas would be welcome
thanks  :D


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Re: jpeg to tiff confused!!
« Reply #1 on: April 11, 2008, 11:55:47 AM »
You can't save a jpeg as a RAW file no, although you're not really comparing like with like here. RAW files are the well, 'raw' data from the sensor before its changed into an image file. Its not a standard file type like jpeg or TIFF and is specific to the camera model (DNG files are a little different in that they do introduce standardisation to RAW although not many camera manufacturers use it at present). Its best to think of you're RAW files as your 'digital negatives' ie they are the starting point from which you derive all of your images from. It can't actually be altered, if you change settings in a RAW converter, those changes are stored in a separate 'sidecar' file.

Jpeg and Tiff are, as I say, standard image formats that can be read by pretty much any software. TIFFs are saved with either no compression at all or 'lossless' compression. Advantage is that the file remains the same despite repeated saves and resaves, disadvantage is much bigger file sizes. Jpeg uses a form of compression that loses data each time the image is saved. You can alter the level of compression used in camera or in image software. Advantage is smaller file sizes and as a result more practical for the web, disadvantage is the losses of data if you repeatedly resave, also the fact that file sizes are not uniform and vary depending on the content of the image ie more detailed images bigger files.

Its generally accepted that resaving jpegs is a bad idea because of losses building on losses. If you save an image which you think you wil want to change it is best to save as a TIFF (or, if you are using Photoshop you could use PSD which is also lossless). Don't forget its only the resaving process that causes degradation in jpegs, just opening and closing without making any changes causes no problems. If you find that you have a jpeg which you simply want to have another go at re-editing you'd be best advised to start from scratch again with the RAW file, as such I'd always strongly advise that you keep your RAWs. You can save a jpeg as a TIFF in imaging software but any losses that have already occurred will remain in the image, it just won't get any worse.

The generally accepted thinking is to have a 'workflow' depending on what you want to use your images for. So some people keep several versions of their image eg a PSD file with all the layers intact, maybe a 16 bit TIFF for printing, a high quality (ie low compression high resolution) jpeg for general use and a low res jpeg for the web. And keeping the RAW file  :D . Its an individual thing and you may not need to keep all those formats, you may not have the storage space for a start (although buying extra is very cheap these days).

Offline soltek

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Re: jpeg to tiff confused!!
« Reply #2 on: April 11, 2008, 04:50:12 PM »
thanks for the very informative reply.
I never use RAW thought mainly because my camera only has tiff and jpeg but i hardly use Tiff anyway. although i may start to.
My little oly will soon find another home soon as i think i am going to upgrade to the new Canon 450d and proberly be using only raw+jpeg in camera. you mentioned psd files i use that already in photoshop and wasn,t aware that is was protecting the jpeg lossless,[ not had the software long only 8 months] :-\  i like to learn by playing with it rather than reading from a book, but maybe i should buy one then i would have known about PSD files  :-[ anyway always learning,
thanks again :tup:

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Re: jpeg to tiff confused!!
« Reply #3 on: April 11, 2008, 06:21:59 PM »
Yep, as Andy says, if your using photoshop then use the PSD when working on your pics.  This will also preserve layers.  Nice thing is you can go back anytime and open that PSD file and carry on adjusting, all your layers will also be there.

Convert to jpg as a last step, when you want to upload to the web etc.
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Offline northbeach

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Re: jpeg to tiff confused!!
« Reply #4 on: May 22, 2008, 04:08:11 PM »
Andy, that was a super explanation.

I generally shoot in jpeg at it's highest file size.  That's a much smaller file than shooting in tif, which will run through your memory card very quickly.  I only shoot in tif it's really special thing I know I want to get the very best print out of.

Even so, in PS,  when have an image I want to work on I first save it as a tif so it becomes my file image.  I then make a jpg duplicate to work with.


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